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Social and Solidarity Economy: Towards Inclusive and Sustainable Development : The reader 2014 (ILO Academy)

Social and Solidarity Economy Academy, 28th July – 1st August 2014, Campinas, Brazil.

Marcelo Alejandro Vieta, Arildo Mota Lopes, Nancy Néamtan, Leandro Pereira Morais, Augusto Togni de Almeida Abreu,, Roberto Marinho Alves da Silva, Leonardo Pamplona, Peter Utting, Antonella Noya, 2014

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Resumen :

Contents

Acknowledgments………………………………………………………………………….. III

General introduction …………………………………………………………………………1

1. Saving More than Jobs: Transforming Workers, Businesses and

Communities through Argentina’s Worker-Recuperated Enterprises 5

1. Setting the Stage………………………………………………………………………….5

2. What are Argentina’s empresas recuperadas por sus trabjadores?………………7

3. The Emergence of Argentina’s ERTs…………………………………………………14

4. The Social Transformations of Argentina’s ERT ………………………………….17

5. Conclusions: ERTs as Transformative Organizations and their

Potential for the Social and Solidarity Economy ………………………………….26

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………….28

2. Solidarity-Based Economy and Social Inclusion: Unisol Brazil,

a New Kind of Brazilian Cooperatives 35

1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………35

2. The Solidarity-Based Economy in Brazil ……………………………………………36

3. The case of UNISOL Brazil ……………………………………………………………37

4. The Millennium Challenges and UNISOL Brazil ………………………………….46

5. Concluding Comments …………………………………………………………………49

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………….50

3. Working Together to Improve People’s Wellbeing: The Social Economy,

The Labour Movement and The Health Sector in Quebec 53

1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………53

2. Framework legislation for the social economy …………………………………….54

3. Broad support for the development of Quebec’s social economy:

the role of trade unions ……………………………………………………………….56

4. A plural economy to best serve the community:

public-community partnerships in healthcare services ………………………….57

5. The social economy: a key player for the future of healthcare services………63

6. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………..64

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………….64

v

4. Social and Solidarity Economy and South–South and Triangular

Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Contributions

to Inclusive and Sustainable Development 67

1. Introduction and background …………………………………………………………67

2. Social and solidarity economy and its contribution to an integrated

approach to development………………………………………………………………71

3. The social and solidarity economy in Latin America and the Caribbean:

brief theoretical–conceptual contributions …………………………………………73

4.The social and solidarity economy in Latin America and the Caribbean

in practice…………………………………………………………………………………77

5. South–South cooperation and the social and solidarity economy:

harmonious and necessary relationship …………………………………………….91

6. Concluding comments………………………………………………………………….94

Bibliographic references…………………………………………………………………..94

5. Paths for Promotion of Local Development and Strengthening of the

Solidarity Economy, Based on Production Chains 97

1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………97

2. Local development in practice: the production chains of the territory ……….99

3. Solidarity-based enterprises as an alternative for inclusion…………………..103

4. Initiatives in Brazil supported by SEBRAE……………………………………….105

5. Concluding comments………………………………………………………………..110

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………..111

6. Solidarity Economy and Inclusive and Sustainable Development 113

1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………….113

2. Global crisis of ethics and lack of sustainability………………………………..115

3. A solidarity-based, inclusive and sustainable economy ……………………….119

4. Public policies of support to and strengthening of the solidarity economy:

the case of SENAES…………………………………………………………………..125

5. Conclusions and political and institutional challenges for the future ………129

Bibliographical references ………………………………………………………………130

7. The Activity of the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) in Support of

Solidarity-Based Economic Enterprises 133

1. Contextualization of the social action of the BNDES…………………………..133

2. Strategies for expansion of the reach of the activity of the BNDES in the

solidarity-based economy…………………………………………………………….136

3. Ways of intervening of the Department of Solidarity-Based Economy of the

BNDES …………………………………………………………………………………..138

4. Conclusions …………………………………………………………………………….143

vi

8. Raising the Visibility of Social and Solidarity Economy in the

United Nations System 145

1. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………….145

2. Situating SSE in the trajectory of UN thinking………………………………….146

3. Mobilizing interest and creating the Task Force…………………………………150

4. Concluding remarks …………………………………………………………………..159

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………..161

9. Social Economy and Social Entrepreneurship 165

1. Introduction: Social enterprises are increasingly being recognised for

their capacity to create jobs and address social challenges…………………..165

2. Defining social economy, social entrepreneurship and social enterprises

is still an issue… ………………………………………………………………………166

3.…and estimating their size is essential, although difficult…………………….167

4. Data show that the role of the social economy in employment is not

negligible………………………………………………………………………………..171

5. …and that job creation and retention outweighs job destruction……………172

6. Diversity in funding sources is a key issue in maintaining high levels of

employment ……………………………………………………………………………175

7. The social economy has a pivotal role in creating jobs for vulnerable

and at-risk individuals ……………………………………………………………….176

8. … but job quality in the social economy remains a controversial issue …..179

9. Government policy can help social enterprises to meet their objectives

in terms of job creation and long term sustainability …………………………180

10. Conclusions …………………………………………………………………………..181

Bibliographic References………………………………………………………………..181

Annex:A Position Paper by the United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force

on Social and Solidarity Economy (TFSSE) 189

Contents …………………………………………………………………………………….189

Executive Summary ………………………………………………………………………190

Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………..194

Notes ………………………………………………………………………………………..219