Social and Solidarity Economy in Asia: A South-South and triangular cooperation perspective
International Labour Office – Geneva: ILO, 2015;
Benjamin R. Quiñones, Jr. Research coordinated and edited by Anita Amorim, Jürgen Schwettmann and Nuno Tavares-Martins, 2015
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South-South and triangular cooperation (SSTC) is a partnership between equals that is guided by the principles of solidarity and non-conditionality. This is central to the mainstreaming of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda (DWA).
South-South Cooperation implies cooperation between developing countries, whereas triangular cooperation includes the participation of one (or more) Northern partner (i.e. developed country) supporting alliances between countries of the South. South-South and triangular cooperation draws on the strategic advantage of the ILO, being the only tripartite United Nations agency that brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes. Therefore, SSTC is for the ILO an effective means of capacity development, knowledge sharing, exchanging experience and good practices, inter-regional cooperation, and resource mobilization.
Experts who received an ILO South-South fellowship during the ILO Academy on Social and Solidarity Economy (Agadir, Morocco, 8–12 April 2013) pointed out the complementarity between South-South and triangular cooperation and Social and Solidarity Economy as follows:
1) South-South partnerships between SSE stakeholders are inclusive. They involve a multi-stakeholder approach central to the mainstreaming of the Decent Work Agenda.
2) South-South and triangular arrangements can reinforce the impact of Social Solidarity Economy in national contexts. They can sustain wider regional and inter-regional networks and platforms for knowledge and experience sharing.
3) Existing SSE networks between countries from the South are inspiring initiatives.